MILLETTIA or summer wisteria, discover, sow, plant, maintain

Millettia, slow then beautiful

Millettia produces flowers, in clusters, which resemble those of wisteria, some species of millettia produce pods similar to those of wisteria; others produce their seeds in "capsules" or husks that contain only one seed. Millettia pinnata has many names, red wisteria, purple wisteria, summer wisteria, Pongamia pinnata, Pongamia glabra ... It is a climbing plant that can literally form a beautiful tree of 4 or 8 meters. She is originally from Asia. The flowers can be red or purple or as in our photo, red-pink gradient to white. The foliage is glazed, quite simple, quite aesthetic, of a beautiful sustained green. It grows moderately which will allow you to make its place in the garden by directing its powerful stems on a support as it grows.

If the name Pongamia tells you something, it's probably you've heard of pongame oil. Indeed, the seeds of millettia pinnata are very fatty and have been used for a very long time to produce lamp oil, soap, and also as medication to treat certain diseases of the liver or skin. Experiments are currently being carried out in Australia to massively produce millettia oil, which would be used as an alternative fuel.
To be continued…

Botanical name:

Millettia Pinnata, Millettia spp the genus comprises about forty species.

Type of plant

• Family: fabaceae - fabaceae
• Cycle: Perennial
• Hardiness: Hardy Plant (-15 ° C)
• Foliage: Deciduous to persistent
• Exhibition: sun or even partial shade
• Ground : All soil, drained, and fertile.
• Harbor : Vine
• Sowing: Spring
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: June to September
• Rooting: Roots
• Origin: Asia
• Interview : Tutoring and pruning
• Height: Up to 8 meters
• Culture : Easy
• Melliferous: Yes
Toxicity: No
• Edible: No

What type of soil for summer wisteria:

Millettia Pinnatz is a plant from Asia and Oceania, accustomed to arid soils. but in climates and territory, it thrives in most soils with a preference for ...

• A drained, relatively rich and fresh soil.

When to plant milletia

• You can plant summer wisteria in the spring, more than in the fall. Indeed, in cold regions, planted too late near the first extreme cold of late autumn and early winter, millettia could not stand it.

What exhibition?

• Millettia appreciates the heat and the sun but it will develop well in exhibition half shade also.

How to plant summer wisteria?

Prepare the ground:

• Choose a sunny area, where the plant can find a support, wall, fence, arbor, dead tree ...
• Loosen the soil, on a spade height, about 25 - 30 cm deep.
• Amend the planting mix and if the soil is heavy, feel free to work it over a larger area to mix sand with the garden soil and potting soil.

Preparation for planting:

• Take the mittelia out of the container and scratch around the root ball to free the roots.
• Return it to its container and quickly soak it in a bucket of water.
• Prepare the hole to the correct dimensions.
• Place the mettilia foot.
• Fill in the gaps with planting soil and soil from the garden.
• Tamp down well so that the plant is anchored in the ground.
• Water.

Flowering of milletia:

In late spring, June to September.
• Metillia produces spikes, sometimes erect, red, purple, violet, magenta, garnet or even pink and degraded white.
• The plant first produces a cluster that will let the flowers bloom ... Beautiful!

Interview :

Watering : If the weather is dry, don't hesitate to water regularly.
• Cut : in late winter or spring around February, light pruning, on branches that do not have a formed bud.
• In colder regions, it is important to protect the base of the tree. Take the opportunity to place a bed of compost then over a thick mulch.

Other varieties:

• Millettia Japonica: in particular “Fuji”, with cream-colored flowers, very similar to those of wisteria.
• Millettia Reticulata: with mauve-garnet colored flowers, fragrant, resistant and persistent foliage.

Agrees with

• We can associate summer wisteria with other climbers, other lianas such as a honeysuckle, a passionflower, a clematis, a climbing rose, a bignone ...
• You can associate millettia with a tree as a support. Be careful, however, over time it could stifle its support.

Wisteria with or without garden

In the garden : in fencing, on a wall, in the ground to flower a pergola….
Without garden: In a large container at least 60 to 80 cm in diameter and height

We recapitulate the culture of this beautiful climber in the ornamental garden:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Hardiness: Rustic plant
• Foliage: Deciduous to semi-evergreen to evergreen
• Flowering: End of spring and end of summer - June to September-October
• Flower color: White, ivory, purple, pink, red, purple, garnet
• Type of soil: All soil, drained, and fertile.
• Sowing: See the Multiply sheet
• Plantation: Spring, in April
• Interview : Watering in the summer
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade
• Use : On a support, an arbor, a pergola, a wall, even a plant support ...

Quick sheet:


Item name

Discover Millettia, also known as summer wisteria, a superb climber with sometimes very fragrant flowers ...


Millettia is a climbing plant native to Asia, or Oceania. It can reach up to 8 m in height and offers a generous flowering, a flowering in cluster like wisteria. Its evergreen foliage until deciduous is very aesthetic like the tree. Planting Metillia in the garden means adopting it!

What to do in the garden this week?

What to do in the garden this week? What to plant and harvest? Find all our tips for taking care of the garden from April 3 to 10!

Sowing, planting, harvesting… there is no shortage of garden work in March. So what should be done first? How to prepare your green space for the summer?

What work in the garden in April?

In April, the spring is already there. The earth is warming, the flower buds and buds do theirs appearance. But be careful not to discover the garden with a thread. Indeed, night frosts may still be fine present In certain regions. So keep winter protection on your most fragile.

  • At vegetable garden : start sowing melons, squash, carrots, spinach, beans green, cabbage, lettuce, or even radish. Also remember to prepare the ground for planting tomatoes (the second half of April for climate regions soft)
  • At orchard : straw your board of strawberries, plant the fruit shrubs (redcurrant, blackcurrant, raspberry ...) and apply a Bordeaux mixture treatment After the flowering of pear trees and apple trees.
  • At ornamental garden : take care of the flowers of the moment by watering properly (magnolias, tulips, buttercups…). Sow annual flowers as the cheeky, the california poppy or the nasturtium. Prune also the climbing, like lilac, the wisteria or virginia creeper for their give structure.

GardeningВ: where, when, how to plant and sow?

After all these prerequisites, the time has finally come to sow and plant! But where to plant? Balcony, terrace or outside, you are spoiled for choice! Sowing cannot be improvised: you have to know how to choose the seeds to sow, know the right ways to sow (sowing on the spot, in a nursery or in pots) then transplanting. In addition, all of these operations must be carried out in the correct season. Planting refers to the planting of plants, for example purchased in pots or containers. The care taken at the time of planting (digging the hole, watering copiously and forming a watering basin) is essential for the good growth of the new plant. To keep a beautiful garden in a sustainable way, you must take care of the maintenance of the plants.

1. Planting and repotting

Indoor frangipani is therefore grown in pots. It needs a rich soil and therefore a very good quality soil. Ideally, the substrate will be a mixture of potting soil, fine sand and loam. The land must absolutely be well drained. In fact, you can add clay balls to the bottom of the pot or tub.

It is possible to plant the frangipani in the ground from the spring in a very sunny place. But be careful, the climate in your region should never drop below 5 ° C. Well-drained soil will prevent water stagnation which is fatal to the plant.

Thus, the repotting will take place in the spring in a pot with a diameter slightly larger than the previous one.

Credit: diversepixel / Pixabay

In the vegetable garden

Work to be done in the vegetable garden in October.

In October and until November, you can plant white garlic, purple garlic and gray shallots. In October, plant fall varieties of garlic. You will plant the garlic at the point facing upwards to a depth of 1-2 to 3-4 cm. Plant the rocambole onion as well.

October is the last stretch for planting your Jerusalem artichokes.

This is the last moment to plant comfrey. Finish planting the licorice.

Quickly pluck the last late potatoes in the ground.

Pull up vegetables that will no longer grow like beans.

Harvest the basilisks.

After harvesting the basil, think about tear off its last leaves and put them in the compost.

Harvest Brussels sprouts, cardoon, carrots, celeriac, parsnip, broccoli cabbage, Chinese cabbage, lamb's lettuce, spinach, endive, cauliflower, kohlrabi, chews, turnip.

Leeks can be harvested all year round.

This is the last time to harvest curly chicory, lettuce, watercress, sorrel, potato, pumpkin, pumpkin.

As for aromatic plants, this is the last moment to harvest your basil, chervil, parsley, tarragon.

You can harvest bay leaf, chives, rosemary, wild horseradish.

Finish harvesting your summer vegetables like tomatoes or peppers.

Pull up vegetables that will no longer grow like beans. Remember to pluck the beets as and when you need them, also pluck the celeriac in mid-October.

At the end of October, remember to pull up your dill plants before the onset of cold weather. Take care to extract the seeds before storing them in the compost.

Weed your cheeks.

Escarole chicory are sensitive to jellies you can use winter sails or tunnels.

If you use tunnels to protect your escarole chicory, plan to to ventilate the tunnels.

Eliminate the weeds.

Aerate your soil in the vegetable garden after the weeding operation.

Put in place winter protection that you put away for the summer to protect your most delicate plants.

Gardening in the vegetable patch in April

  • Seedlings in place of melons, squash, carrots, cabbage, spinach, green beans, radishes, lettuce, beets, and other vegetables can begin.
  • Plant the new potatoes and summer leeks, as well as the celeriac and ribbed celery.
  • You will need to thin the carrot seedlings made in March, leaving one plant every 4 to 5 cm.
  • Now is the time to transplant lettuce plants.
  • Divide the chive stalks, sow the parsley.
  • Prepare the ground where you will plant your tomatoes. Only regions with a mild climate will be able to start planting them during the second half of April.

What to do in the garden from March 13 to 20?

In March, the garden begins to gently come out of winter. But we must not delay: the month goes by quickly and there is so much to do. You have to clean your green space after the bad winter weather and prepare for the beautiful season. Start by removing the protections such as wintering sails and gradually resume watering in a way generous. Clean bird houses to accommodate swallows or chickadees. Put the mower to service to avoid unpleasant surprises when you go mowing the lawn. Make a list of potting plants and start to store the pots and potting soil. Do not take out your pots and planters yet because the gel may still be rife in some areas.

You want others gardening tips ? See you at L'Ami des Jardins!

Video: Propagating Wisteria: How to Grow a Beautiful Garden with Scarlett

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